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Books on Norfolk Island Natural History

The following is an index to books on Norfolk Island natural history.

Christian, Margaret. 2005. Norfolk Island… the birds. Norfolk Island: Green Eyes Publications.

Christian, Margaret, Richard Holdaway, John Smith and Peter Coyne. 2012. A Comparative Atlas of Bird Distribution in the Norfolk Island Group, South West Pacific Ocean 1978-2005.

Norfolk Island Hospital Auxiliary. 1976. Dars-et: Birds and Flowers of Norfolk Island. Reproduced by generous permission of a representative of the NI Hospital Auxiliary.


The Conservation of Norfolk Island

In 1968, the Australian Conservation Foundation, Australia’s peak environmental community organisation, published a 50-page booklet, The Conservation of Norfolk Island (4.5 MB). The booklet was reprinted in 1969 and 1975. The PDF file has been optimised for web use. A scanned version with greater resolution is available (111 MB).

Along with justification for an ethic of conservation, the report includes descriptions of local areas, recommendations about conservation and appendices with lists of the species of plants and animals.

Quarantine (pests and diseases) Survey 2012-14

In 2012-2014 the Department of Agriculture conducted a comprehensive survey of the plant and animal pests and diseases of the Island, coordinated by resident Glynn Maynard. The report is publicly available.

Supporting data

The data amassed during the survey have been published open access as appendices to the following paper:

Maynard, G V, B J Leschi and S F Malfroy. 2018. “Norfolk island quarantine survey 2012-2014 – a comprehensive assessment of an isolated subtropical island“. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales Vol. 140: 7-243.


Australian Museum – List of articles about Norfolk Island

The Australian Museum has generously compiled a list of articles about Norfolk Island published in its peer-reviewed journals.


For example: Smithers, C. N., 1998. A species list and bibliography of the insects recorded from Norfolk Island. Technical Reports of the Australian Museum 13: 1–55.

Bounteous Bestowal: The Economic History of Norfolk Island

The substantial capital stock accumulated over the colonial period largely became a legacy for the Pitcairn descendants of the Bounty mutineers, who were resettled on Norfolk in 1856. They created a subsistence-based economy which remained essentially unchanged until externally introduced structural and institutional changes around the turn of the century forged much closer links with the international economy. The upshot was a phase of highly unstable export-oriented growth which was eventually curtailed by World War II. The immediate post-war period was one of erratic economic change and declining population, with the economy lacking any strong and sustained growth stimulus until tourism assumed this role in the early 1960s. Subsequent expansion, strengthened temporarily by the use of the Island as a tax haven, transformed Norfolk into a capital-exporting, developed mini-economy displaying a high degree of affluence in per capita terms. Admittedly, this economy has also displayed instability, inequality and continued reliance on Australian financial support; and it faces the threat of environmental constraints impeding future growth.

The insightful book by Emeritus Professor Malcolm Treadgold explaining these dynamics is available under open access conditions from the Australian National University: