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Physical geography

Norfolk Island is a subtropical island in the Pacific Ocean, approximately 1500 km south-east of Brisbane. The island, a remnant volcano, has an area of 35.7 km² and is largely composed of basaltic rocks and tuffs that are weathered deeply, with highly permeable soil.

From CSIRO (2020). Norfolk Island Water Resource Assessment. A summary report. CSIRO, Australia.


Water resources

Following extensive field research and extensive consultation with residents of the Island, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Late in 2020, Published Authoritative reports on the geomorphological and hydrological features of the Island, with predictions on the likely trajectory of climate change. These reports are publicly available from the website of the CSIRO:

Landing page including summary report

Technical reports